Estimating Effect of Population on Agricultural Land Use: A Macro Analysis from Major Indian States
Dipti Kishore Nayak, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Man as producer, consumer and decision maker has significant role in shaping the pattern of land utilization over a region. In India, out of total land area (i.e., 329 mha) only 22 mha are occupied for non-agricultural uses and 263 mha for agricultural, forestry, pastures and other biomass production. This paper aims to study the effect of population characteristics on land use pattern in Indian states. The study is based on secondary data collected from various sources (like, Census of India 1991 and 2001 and statistical data base, the citizens’ fifth citizens’ fifth report). To understand land use practices ‘cropping intensity’ (i.e., Total gross cropped area/ Net shown area x 100) was measured. Lastly, multivariate technique was used for analyzing interrelationship between population and land use. Result shows that population density, as well as, composition (like, ethnicity) has significant effect upon maximum utilization of cultivable land, and on cropping intensity.