Social Class and Motherhood Wage Penalty
Seulki Choi, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
This research examines how motherhood wage penalty differ by social class. Previous researches break down the causes of motherhood penalty into four reasons that are known as losing human capital, less effort at work, compensating differentials and discrimination. The author expects each class is in the different situation and it makes them receive different volume of penalty by different reasons. The author uses data from the 1982-2002 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth with fixed-effects models to examine the wage penalty for motherhood. The dependent variable is the natural log of hourly wage in the respondent’s current job. Social class is measured by the level of education.